Final cable tram closure - the Bourke Street cable lines to
Nicholson Street and Northcote were replaced with bus services.
The Maribyrnong River line was extended along Raleigh Road and
Cordite Avenue to the Explosives Factory at West Maribyrnong.
Due to the outbreak of World War II, this tram line was extended to
service the munitions factories.
The Ordnance Factory branch line was opened along private
right-of-way adjacent to Wests Road from Raleigh Road to
Williamsons Road, Maribyrnong. No regular service was provided as
trams operated when required for factory shift workers.
July - August
All-night tram services were greatly expanded due to petrol
rationing and increased shiftwork caused by wartime conditions.
The employment of conductresses commenced, due to manpower
shortages caused by the war.
On the Footscray system, a branch line to the Ammunition Factory
was opened, running from Ballarat Road to River Street via Gordon
Street. No regular service was provided as trams operated when
required for factory shift workers at the munition factories.
For security reasons, restrictions were imposed on certain tram
destination displays for the duration of the war: 'Explosives
Factory', 'Ordnance Factory' and 'Ammunition Factory' were not to
A new line was opened from Ascot Vale to Moonee Ponds
The Essendon line was extended from Birdwood Street to Essendon
Aerodrome. The Commonwealth Government requested this extension
because of wartime conditions.
The Victorian Railways Commissioners stated their intention to
close the Sandringham tramway, which sparked a vigorous opposition
campaign by locals, and delayed closure of the line for a further
Services commenced running on the new line from William Street,
City to Hanna Street (South Melbourne) Depot.
A new City tram line along La Trobe Street was opened from
Brunswick Street to Lonsdale Street via Victoria Parade, La Trobe
Street and Spencer Street.
Numbered tram stops were introduced on the Wattle Park and Burwood
lines. They were later installed on all other lines.
Coburg Depot was closed.
The Footscray connecting line was opened. It ran from the Ordnance
Factory terminus of the main system via Williamson Road, Rosamond
Road and River Street to the Ammunition Factory terminus of the
Footscray lines at Gordon Street.
East Preston Depot opened. This depot was built to replace
the former Preston Depot (now known as Thornbury Depot or Old
Preston Depot). Thornbury Depot was closed as a service
depot, but remained in use for storing trams.
A new line was opened from Spencer Street to Northcote, via the
former cable tram route along Bourke Street, Nicholson Street,
Gertrude Street, Smith Street, Queens Parade and High Street.
New trams were built for the Bourke Street line - W6 class trams
built by the Melbourne and Metropolitan Tramways Board at Preston
Workshops (some had commenced construction in 1953-4).
The East Brunswick line was opened. It ran from Gertrude
Street to Blyth Street, East Brunswick, via Nicholson
Exterior advertisements were introduced on trams.
Coburg Depot, in use as a tram storage shed since 1952, was closed
to trams completely.
Final closure of the Victorian Railways trams. The St Kilda
- Brighton line was closed.
Elwood Depot was retained for use by the private bus operator who
took over the services.
Hawthorn Depot was closed on Sundays as an economy measure.
Hanna Street Depot was renamed South Melbourne Depot, following
the renaming of Hanna Street to Kingsway.
The Point Ormond - Elsternwick line was closed.
The local Footscray lines were closed.
Hawthorn Depot was closed, but remained in use for storing
Construction completed on the new bridge over the Maribyrnong
River. The new bridge carried both trams and traffic across the
river, whereas the previous bridge had been tram only.
Completion of the St Kilda Junction tram track alterations. This
project involved major road widening works through the junction,
with an underpass running from Queens Road via the new Queensway to
The new track in Nolan Street, South Melbourne, was opened. It ran
from Sturt Street to St Kilda Road and replaced the track in Sturt
Street from Nolan Street to City Road, which was abandoned due to
construction of the City Road underpass.
A bridge over the new freeway in Matthews Avenue on the Essendon
Aerodrome line was brought into use.
Extensive alterations were made to the route number system.